This research project focuses on the adaptation of agricultural systems in small island territories face of global change with land application as privileged small French Antilles. The choice of these small island territories is that they crystallize the panorama of issues related to global changes underway, and they are representative of the diversity of tropical environments. Global changes affecting these areas relate to one of their key sectors: agriculture. Taking into account this reality invites to question the sustainability of this industry.
The main hypothesis is that a number of developments agrotechnical, organizational, institutional and territorial governments are driving especially at farm level to make farming viable whole. Practices developed at the farm level reflect and contribute to the resilience and sustainability of the sectors to which they belong. The originality of this research program lies in the relationship between the life sciences (agronomy, animal science, ecology), the science society (economics, management, geography) and sciences (mathematics, numerical analysis, computer) to determine the trajectories of evolution in agroecosystems studied the effect of global changes and analyze the adaptive capacity that is to say their ability to respond to shocks.
Pragmatically, this work should allow the creation of a tool for decision support on adaptation options preferred by the different actors of the agricultural sector. From the perspective of research-training-action, a mathematical tool for sustainability will be developed to be used as an instrument of animation in a process of local governance. It will be better informed choices in terms of agricultural crops, modes of production and distribution of production, given the fragility and / or rarity of the exploited resources, economic returns and social benefits expected.